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DYNAMIC STABILITY CONTROL (DSC)

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2016 – MX-5 – Brakes

DYNAMIC STABILITY CONTROL (DSC)

Outline

  • Electrical brake assist control has been adopted, improving safety.

  • The DSC HU/CM, integrating both the Hydraulic Unit (HU) and Control Module (CM), has been adopted, resulting in a size and weight reduction.

  • An enhanced malfunction diagnosis system, used with the Mazda Modular Diagnostic System (M-MDS), has been adopted, improving serviceability.

  • Serviceability improved by the automatic configuration function.

  • The Hill Launch Assist (HLA) and Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)* have been adopted, improving safety.

*
Vehicles with Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)

DSC operation outline
  • The ABS prevents wheel lock-up during braking. The TCS detects drive wheel spin due to loss of traction and controls engine speed to suppress wheel spin. With these systems, safety is assured when driving or stopping.

  • Additionally, sudden changes in vehicle attitude, due to evasive steering or road conditions, are controlled by the DSC. The DSC suppresses vehicle sideslip when driving due to vehicle spin (oversteer) or drift-out (understeer) by controlling braking and engine speed. At this time, the TCS/DSC indicator light illuminates to alert the driver that the DSC is operating due to a dangerous situation. As a result, the driver can calmly react and is provided leeway for the next maneuver, resulting in safe driving conditions.

  • In this way the combination of DSC + ABS + TCS ensures driving, stopping and turning safety in all aspects.

Results of DSC operation

CAUTION:

  • While the DSC is a steering safety system, it does not improve normal steering function. Therefore, always drive carefully, even if the vehicle has DSC, and do not overestimate the DSC capability.

  • If the initialization procedures for the brake fluid pressure, low-G, and yaw rate sensors are not performed correctly, an incorrectly determined initial point may cause a discrepancy between the actual driving conditions of the vehicle and the signals from the sensors, resulting in improper DSC operation. Therefore, after replacing the following parts, make sure to perform the DSC HU/CM initialization procedures of the sensors with the vehicle stopped on a level ground to insure proper DSC operation. For the initialization procedures of the sensors, refer to the Workshop Manual.

    • DSC HU/CM

    • SAS control module

  • The DSC and ABS will not operate normally under the following conditions:

    • With tires that are not of the specified size, manufacturer or tread pattern, or not inflated according to specification

    • With tires that have significant comparative wear variation

    • With tire chains

    • With an emergency spare tire

Structural View

Vehicle front side

Vehicle rear side

System wiring diagram

Warning light and indicator light

No.

Warning light/Indicator light

Name

Function

1

Brake system warning light

  • When the parking brake has been applied, the warning light illuminates to notify the driver.

  • When the ABS control and EBD control are disabled with the parking brake released, the warning light illuminates to notify the driver

2

ABS warning light

  • When the ABS control is disabled, the warning light illuminates to notify the driver

3

TCS/DSC indicator light

  • When the TCS is operated (drive wheel is slipping), the indicator light flashes to notify the driver.

  • When the DSC is operated (vehicle side-slip condition), the indicator light flashes to notify the driver.

  • When the DSC system is malfunctioned, the warning light illuminates to notify the driver

4

DSC OFF indicator light

  • When the DSC control is disabled by operation of the DSC OFF switch, the indicator light illuminates to notify the driver.

6

Electric vacuum pump warning light

  • When the electric vacuum pump system is malfunctioned, the warning light illuminates to notify the driver.

Construction

  • The DSC system consists of the following parts. While each part has a regular function in other systems, only the function during DSC control is listed.

Part name

Function

DSC HU/CM

  • Makes calculations using input signals from each sensor, controls brake fluid pressure to each wheel, and actuates function (ABS, EBD, TCS, DSC, brake assist control, hill launch assist (HLA), and TPMS*) of the DSC system.

  • Outputs the torque reduction request signal, wheel speed signal, and DSC system warning control data via CAN lines.

  • Controls the on-board diagnostic system and fail-safe function when there is a malfunction in the DSC system.

PCM

  • Controls engine output based on signals from the DSC HU/CM.

  • Transmits engine speed, engine torque, brake switch status, and accelerator pedal position data via CAN communication to the DSC HU/CM.

  • Transmits gear/shift lever position data via CAN communication to the DSC HU/CM. (MT)

TCM (AT)

  • Transmits gear/selector lever position data via CAN communication to the DSC HU/CM.

EPS CM

  • Transmits steering angle data via CAN communication to the DSC HU/CM.

SAS control module

  • Transmits the lateral-G (vehicle lateral acceleration speed), the yaw rate (vehicle turning angle speed), and the longitudinal-G (vehicle longitudinal acceleration speed) via CAN communication to the DSC HU/CM.

Electric vacuum pump CM

  • Transmits the vacuum in the power brake unit data via CAN communication to the DSC HU/CM.

Brake system warning light

  • Notifies the driver that the parking brake is applied.

  • Notifies the driver of an ABS or EBD malfunction.

DSC OFF switch

  • Transmits driver intention to release TCS control to the instrument cluster.

TPMS set switch*

  • Data initialization after adjusting the tire pressures can be done.

TPMS warning light*

  • Notifies the driver that the tire pressure is not normal.

  • Notifies the driver of an TPMS malfunction.

ABS wheel-speed sensor

  • Detects the rotation condition of each wheel and transmits it to the DSC HU/CM.

Brake fluid pressure sensor (Built into DSC HU/CM)

  • Detects the fluid pressure from the master cylinder.

*
Vehicles with Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)

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